Start your test prep with our free TASC Social Studies practice test. The TASC Social Studies test covers U.S. History, Government, Civics, and Economics. You are given 75 minutes to answer 48 questions. All of our online practice questions include answers and detailed explanations. Make sure you study the images, passages, and charts that are provided, since these will often contain the information you need to answer the question.
The following is an excerpt from a President Franklin Roosevelt speech given on Dec. 8, 1941, the day after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor:
Under the US Constitution, which body has the sole authority to declare war?
The U.S. Congress
The Secretary of Defense
The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Examine the illustrations and answer the two questions that follow.
The first picture shows a plantation located in the South where they are growing which cash crop?
These pictures comparing a Southern plantation to a Northern port illustrate which major cause of the Civil War?
Review the political cartoon and answer the questions that follow.
The baby’s speech bubbles provide commentary on what American history event?
Problems during The Great Depression
Causes of the American Revolution
The New Era Deal
The Civil Rights Movement
A major difference between President Roosevelt’s New Deal initiatives and President Hoover’s administrative policies was that the New Deal offered which of the following?
An emphasis on rugged individualism.
A transition from capitalism to socialism.
A focus on fiscal restraint and a balanced budget.
Provided the government a more active role in the economy.
The results of and the responses to the New Deal were mixed. After 1933, the economy gradually began a process of improvement, but the depression did not technically end until 1939. It was not until 1945, with the end of World War II, that the economy began to surge.
Examine the diagram and answer the questions that follow.
The diagram illustrates which of the following principles?
The Integration of Powers
Checks and Balances
What is the purpose of checks and balances in our government?
To write our bank deposits and withdrawals
To prevent any branch of government from overstepping its powers and to divide power across each branch
To make the government operate more efficiently
To equally divide power between the national government and state governments
Examine the newspaper headline and answer the question that follows.
In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court declare segregation of schools unconstitutional?
Plessy v. Ferguson
Marbury v. Madison
Brown v. Board of Education
Korematsu v. United States
The following scenario describes an economic decision:
Which choice describes the opportunity cost of Juan’s decision?
The cost of tuition at the community college.
$12 — The difference between Juan’s wages as a welder and as a retail clerk.
$20 — Juan’s wages as an apprentice welder.
The total wages he would have earned in two years while working as a retail clerk.
Examine the poster and answer the question that follows.
This World War II poster served what function:
Encourage protest against the war.
Promote support for the war.
Encourage the Axis powers to end the war.
Demonstrate the ineffectiveness of guns.
The following excerpt is from a speech by Congressman James Madison in 1789 on the introduction of the Bill of Rights:
Why did Madison, and many other Americans, feel that the Bill of Rights was necessary?
To protect the US government from foreign powers
To prevent a rebellion against the Constitution
To grant the US government additional powers
To protect individual rights and liberties
The following cartoon is from Harpers Weekly in 1876:
How does the cartoon reflect historical circumstances during Reconstruction in the South?
African Americans and Caucasians could only legally vote for the Democratic Party during Reconstruction.
African Americans immediately exercised full civil and political rights in the South after the abolition of slavery.
African Americans were still subject to harassment and intimidation in the South after the Civil War.
White southerners were forced to defend themselves when African Americans took up arms against their former masters.
Use the following quotation from an interview with historian Elaine Tyler May to answer the questions that follow.
The baby boom that occurred in the United States between 1950 and the late 1960s had which significant impact?
It forced many people to seek marriage.
It prompted a high demand for the construction of new housing and schools.
It forced G.I.s to return to the front lines in order to provide security for their families.
Women and children no longer needed to work in factories.
Examine the pictures shown and answer the question that follows.
Marines crossing the 38th parallel in Korea.
Marines riding atop an M-48 tank in Vietnam.
What was the primary reason for United States involvement in the Korean War and the Vietnam War?
Imperialistic goals of the United States to secure territories in Asia.
Desire of the United States to exert militaristic power in third world countries.
An attempt by the United States to prevent the spread of communism.
To assist the people in gaining their independence from dictators.
The Korean War was fought from 1950 to 1953 and started when 75,000 soldiers from the People’s Republic of Korea (North), supported by communist Russia, crossed the 38th parallel into The Republic of Korea (South), supported by democratic United States.
The Vietnam Conflict occurred from 1955 to 1975, when revolutionaries known as Viet Minh, and communists led by Ho Chi Minh, attempted to drive out anti-communist supporters. This led communist China and the United States to enter the conflict.
Review the chart and answer the questions that follow.
What is the most likely reason that the Confederate States of America won several major battles early in the Civil War?
The Confederacy had a great supply line to fortify their troops with guns and ammunition.
The Confederacy had a much larger army.
The Confederacy had superior military generals who outmaneuvered the Union troops.
The Confederacy lacked knowledge of the territory in which most battles took place.
What would be the best title for the chart?
Comparing the advantages and disadvantages of the Union and Confederacy
Comparison of military supplies of the Union and Confederacy armies
Understanding why the Union won the Civil War
Understanding the advantages the Confederacy had over the Union
Read the following quotation from James Madison and answer the questions that follow.
James Madison defends which of the following concepts in the above quotation?
Checks and Balances
Which of the following powers does James Madison indicate will be left exclusively to the federal government?
The power to tax the people
The power to regulate trade
The power to form a military
The power to issues licenses
Examine the chart and answer the questions that follow.
The “right to bear arms” is granted by which amendment of the United States Constitution?
- Freedom of religion, speech, and the press
- The right to bear arms
- Freedom from housing soldiers
- Protection from unreasonable searches and seizures
- Right to a grand jury
- Rights of accused persons in criminal cases
- Rights in civil cases
- Excessive bail, fines, and punishments forbidden
- Rights reserved to the people
- Undelegated powers kept by the states and people
According to the chart, which of the following states does not require a mental health background check to purchase a firearm?
Study the graph and answer the question that follows.
Which of the following statements is NOT true about this graph?
The equilibrium price is less than 3.
The quantity demanded will increase with lower prices.
A surplus will occur if 20 units are supplied at a price of 4.50.
The quantity supplied will increase with lower prices.
It can be seen that the equilibrium point corresponds to a Q* less than 40 and a P* less than 3. The demand curve shows that as price decreases, the quantity demanded increases. At a quantity of 20, there is a surplus at any price greater than approximately 3.9.
Study the map and answer the question that follows.
According to this map, the majority of Australia exhibits what climate type?
equatorial and temperate
tropical and grassland
desert and temperate
grassland and desert
Read the excerpt and answer the questions that follow.
What was the purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau?
To help African Americans, particularly those who had been enslaved, adjust to life with increased rights and responsibilities.
To free slaves from Southern plantations.
To ensure that white voters supported anti-slavery laws.
To help Confederate prisoners of war return home safely.
Following the Civil War, freed slaves in the South had difficulty improving their social and economic status because:
Literacy for former slaves was now encouraged.
Most freed slaves went to the North to look for factory jobs.
People migrated from the North to compete for southern agricultural jobs.
The system of sharecropping kept freed slaves in a cycle of poverty and oppression.
Analyze the chart and answer the following questions:
Which of these is the best title for this chart?
Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal
Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society
George W. Bush's Compassionate Conservatism
Harry S. Truman's Fair Deal
Which of the following programs was designed to help people of all income levels?
Housing and Urban Development Act
Higher Education Act
The monetary value of all the finished goods and services that are produced within a country's borders in a specific time period is the:
Gross Domestic Product
Balance of Trade
Money supply is the total amount of monetary resources available to a country at a given time. Balance of trade is the difference between a country’s exports and imports (or total net exports) at a given time. Aggregate demand is the total demand for goods and services in a country’s economy at a given time.
The following is an excerpt from the Declaration of Independence, written in 1776:
The excerpt incorporates which of the following concepts?
Separation of powers
The United States Constitution grants state governments the power to do which of the following?
Regulate trade between states
Establish post offices
Study the information in the diagram and answer the question that follows.
The primary driver of US sugar policy is most likely:
Public Health Concerns
Examine the list and answer the question that follows.
- The Dred Scott Decision
- States' Rights
- The Abolitionist Movement
- The Underground Railroad
- The Raid on Harpers Ferry
- Southern Secession
Which of the following would be the best title for this list?
The Civil Rights Movement
Causes of the Revolutionary War
Abraham Lincoln's Policies
Causes of the American Civil War
Slavery: The agrarian South utilized slaves to tend its large plantations. The industrial North favored the abolition of slavery and did not rely upon slave labor.
The Dred Scott Decision: This Supreme Court decision denied citizenship for African-Americans.
States' Rights: A states' rights struggle ensued over the institution of slavery, and whether the federal government had the right to regulate (or abolish) slavery within states.
The Abolitionist Movement: This was a growing movement in the North that sought to abolish slavery across the country.
The Underground Railroad: This was a network of secret routes and safe houses established by abolitionists to help runaway slaves escape the South.
The Raid on Harpers Ferry: This was an attempt by John Brown (an abolitionist) to initiate an armed slave revolt by taking over a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
Southern Secession: South Carolina seceded in 1860. Soon afterwards, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas also seceded from the Union.
Initially, both the North and the South predicted that the Civil War would be…
a long, drawn-out affair.
over within a matter of months.
a certain victory for the North.
a certain victory for the South.
The following excerpt is from the 1803 Supreme Court decision Marbury v. Madison, which established the concept of judicial review:
This ruling is an example of which of the following concepts?
Checks and balances
Federalism is a mode of government that distributes power between a centralized federal government and smaller regional governments. Natural rights are inalienable rights that cannot be revoked by an institution. Reserved powers are those that are not explicitly stated in a document, such as the Constitution, but nonetheless still belong to the government in question.
This excerpt is the 5th Amendment from the Bill of Rights.
Amendment V provides each of the following rights EXCEPT:
The right against self incrimination.
The right of due process.
The right against unreasonable search and seizure.
The right to be tried only once.
The following graph portrays a hypothetical model for US demand of Brazilian coffee. It presents the demand before and after the passage of a $1 tariff (tax) on imported Brazilian coffee.
What impact, if any, would the tariff have on US demand for Brazilian coffee?
None — US consumers would continue to buy Brazilian coffee in the same amounts.
US consumers would buy more Brazilian coffee after enforcement of the tariff.
US consumers would buy less Brazilian coffee after enforcement of the tariff.
Consumers would buy more Colombian coffee.
The following excerpt is from Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, given on March 4, 1965.
Which of the following best summarizes Lincoln’s feelings towards carrying out the process of Reconstruction?
Lincoln believed the Southern states should not be welcomed back into the United States.
Lincoln believed that the Southern states should have to give equal rights to African Americans before welcoming them back into the United States.
Lincoln insisted that a majority of a Southern state’s citizens had to pledge loyalty to the United States before the state could be welcomed back into the Union.
Lincoln believed that there would be no benefit to punishing Southern states.
How did the Wade-Davis Bill seek to handle Reconstruction?
The former Confederate states had to put state constitutions in place that included a ban on slavery.
The majority of white males in each formerly Confederate state had to pledge allegiance to the United States.
Confederates were banned from public office moving forward.
All of the above.
The following image is a political cartoon from the Columbus Dispatch in February 1937:
The cartoon criticizes President Franklin Roosevelt’s efforts to expand the Supreme Court from 9 to 15 justices and thus appoint 6 new members himself. The cartoon depicts this attempt as a violation of which of the following principles?
Checks and balances